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What is Cellulitis Infection

Two types of bacteria known as group A streptococcus and staphylococcus aureus are responsible for causing cellulitis infection which affects the skin. As a matter of fact, these microorganisms are part and parcel of the external flora of the body and they are useful to the human body as long as they remain on the outside of the body. The staphylococci and streptococci microorganisms enter the body through blisters, wounds, cuts, scrapes, insect bites as well as ulcers. Once inside the body, they find their way to the skin’s subcutaneous and dermal layers. Organisms falling under group A beta-hemolytic streptococci tend to cause the fastest spreading infection as they do away with the cellular components that are responsible for ensuring localized infections.

Cellulitis arising from staphylococci tends to be more localized and is closely associated to cutaneous abscess as well as open wounds. Staphylococcus aureus has been found to be behind cellulitis that is nonresponsive to monotherapy due to the organism being Methicillin resistant. This infection is common on the legs although it can occur in any part of the body that you can think of. It affects a single part of the body which makes it strangely unilateral. It usually starts out on a swollen small area that is reddish in color as well as being tender. As the infection progresses on, the infected areas develop red streaks and pain is experienced.

You may also experience swollen lymph nodes on or near the affected area. When the infection is allowed to go untreated, it will entrench itself deeper in the skin and eventually penetrate the lymph system as well as the bloodstream. This will cause muscle aches, fatigue, fever and chills. There are cellulitis variants that are as a result of Necrotizing fasciitis which is a bacterium that has flesh eating capability. The resulting type of cellulitis is usually deep seated and requires immediate and extreme medical attention. There is foot cellulitis, perianal cellulitis, periorbital cellutis, breast cellulitis, facial cellulitis, orbital cellulitis as well as arm cellulitis.

HSV1 is the virus behind oral herpes or herpes simplex1 which is a sexually transmitted disease. This disease has three main stages which include the primary stage, latency stage and the recurrence stage. During the primary stage, the sores and blisters are detected. They are mainly concentrated on or around the mouth. These sores tend to later open up before healing on their own. The latency stage is characterized by a rather inactive virus which takes refuge in the nerve tissue of the spine. The recurrence stage is basically when the virus is reactivated by an outbreak or other factors. At this stage, the syphilis virus is at its most infectious.

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